Josef Albers (1888–1976) was a German artist, a member of the Bauhaus
who then emigrated to the United States, with his wife Anni Albers
, with the onset of Nazism. Best known as an abstract painter
, he was in actual fact an eclectic artist, skilled in the handling of glass and metal, as well as in designing furniture and dealing with print processes. A major retrospective at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 1971) paid homage to a great “total” artist—he also wrote books, articles and poems—who was also the teacher of Robert Motherwell, Robert Rauschenberg
, Sheila Hicks
and the British graphic artist Alan Fletcher, among others.