Mario Schifano (1934-1998) was the most important Italian
painter of the second half of the 20th century. A member of the “Scuola di Roma” and the Pop Art
movement, he was in actual fact a figurative artist, an eclectic user of multiple media, moving from painting to cinema to the use of video. His relationship with the United States is a key element in his work. In 1962, he embarked on his first journey to the USA. He frequented Frank O'Hara, Jasper Johns, Mark Rothko, Andy Warhol
and Gregory Corso. He exhibited at the Sidney Janis Gallery in New York as part of the exhibition titled The New Realists
. He produced various experimental films: Satellite
(1968), Umano non umano
(1969), and Trapianto, consunzione e morte di Franco Brocani
(1969). His works were displayed in various editions of the Venice Biennale, at the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris (1981) and as part of the exhibition Arte italiana nel XX secolo (1989) staged by the Royal Academy in London. In 1974, the Palazzo della Pilotta (Salone delle Scuderie) in Parma hosted the first major retrospective of his work.