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Ben
 
Born in 1935 in Naples, Ben Vautier lives and works in France. When he arrived in Nice (France) he opened in 1958 Le Laboratoire 32, number 32, Escarene street which became the gallery Ben doubts about everything, and a meeting space. Ben realised his first paintings with text as soon as 1958. From 1958 to 1960, he developed the idea of “Art Total” and since 1962, the notion of appropriation (He signed holes, dirty waters, God, and glass windows). During an exhibition at the gallery One in London, he lived in a showcase and met with Georges Maciunas who made him part of Fluxus. He used his gallery space to spread Fluxus ideas and his acquaintance with other “avant-garde” movements. The “Boutique” was bought in 1975 by the national museum of modern art and was acquired by the Georges Pompidou center in 1977 when it opened. He played a major role to divulge radical ideas through his numerous publications. He was part of many worldwide Fluxus group exhibitions and others.
 
(external link: www.ben-vautier.com)
 

 
2010
French edition
A panorama of Ben's conflicting ideas and various activities since 1959.